Fire safety signs (signage) in Nairobi Kenya indicate the location of fire exits, escape routes and assembly points. They also give simple, easy to follow instructions for fire safety procedures. Carrying out a risk assessment will identify which fire safety signs to use and where to place them.
Fire exit and escape route signs
As a matter of fact, signs help people identify escape routes, find firefighting equipment and emergency fire telephones.
Moreover, all escape route signs require adequate illumination to ensure they are visible & legible. Equally important is that they should be visible under power loss conditions which may require artificial illumination. This does not necessarily mean the sign itself requires a form of ‘illumination’. Noteworthy, avoid installing signs with illumination in well lit areas as this can be an unnecessary expense. Illuminated signs use electricity, often need bulbs replacing and require ongoing maintenance. Equally important are plain signs which are often sufficient as they have with natural illumination.
We recommend that photoluminescent signs are used which although slightly more expensive than conventional signs are much cheaper than illuminated signs but stand out much more than conventional signs and ‘glow’ in the dark.
Elements of escape route signs
The majority of escape route signs comprise of three elements:
- A graphic symbol – running figure
- Directional arrow
- Lastly, supplementary text
Directional arrows should usually be provided to indicate the direction of travel. The exception to this is where it could cause confusion, for example, vomitory exits in stadiums or storey exits opening directly onto a half landing, or within a cinema or theatre where the escape route signs have internal illumination. In these instances, the arrow element of the signs may be missing when the signs are immediately above the exits.
Size and location of escape route signs
People usually leave premises by the same way that they enter or by routes which are familiar to them. Alternative exits such as all emergency exits and any exits not in normal require clear indication. Making sure that all the exit routes in a building have proper signposts and are visible will give a feeling of security in an emergency.
Signs should be located in the normal field of vision, and should be prominent, taking precedence over all other signs. Ensure you give priority for escape route to the shortest route to safety. Always display escape route signs immediately above the exit opening. Alternatively, if this is not possible, choose an obstruction free position where the sign is clearly visible.
Furthemore, ensure escape route signs are big enough for them to be easily seen and understood. Photoluminescent signs can be seen more easily than plain signs, and can, therefore, be smaller.
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